Aberconwy House, located in Conwy, Wales, dates from the early 1400s. It is one of the oldest surviving buildings in all of Wales and is owned and operated as a museum by the National Trust. The National Trust stepped in to rescue the building from being dismantled and shipped to America by a wealthy businessman. It was given a Grade I listing status in recognition of its rarity.
Built as a merchant’s house after Edward I of England conquered Wales (1277 – 1283), it shows the importance of commercial venture in the northern seaside area of Wales. The castle and castle walls were built from 1283 to 1289. At first, homes and businesses were built into the walls. Aberconwy is believed to be one of the first buildings constructed inside the market town walls. The Welsh people were not permitted to live within the walls, but traded with the English merchants at Aberconwy House.
After tree-ring analysis, it’s believed that the building’s timbers were felled from 1417 to 1420. The upper story was an addition added in the 15th century. It is an unusual building that is not easily missed. Inside the house is decorated based on different parts of its history: Georgian, Jacobean and Victorian, for example. Tour guides are informative and there is a National Trust shop with the house. It’s opened daily from spring to fall.